Thursday, July 05, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder. Patients with the disorder may experience “repeated, involuntary physical movements, and vocal outbursts.” Tourette syndrome is the most severe kind of tic syndrome.
Tics are involuntary muscle spasms and they are made up of abrupt sporadic twitches of a group of muscles.
A very complicated syndrome, Tourette involves abnormalities in different parts of the brain and the electrical circuits that connect them. Since the cause of Tourette remains unknown, there is no way to prevent the disorder.
In the U.S., at least 200,000 individuals experience the severe signs of Tourette syndrome. About one in 100 Americans have milder symptoms. The disorder affects males about four times more than females.
Tourette syndrome is also called chronic motor tic, chronic multiple tics, Gilles de la Tourette’s disease, Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome (GTS), habit spasms, Maladie des Tics, Paulitis, or Tourette’s disorder.
The signs of Tourette syndrome may vary, and they can manifest in patients aged three to nine years old. The signs can worsen when a patient is anxious, excited, or stressed. Tics are also at their worst during a patient’s late teen years.
Individuals with the disorder tend to have both a motor tic and a vocal tic, which are both classified into simple or complex tics. Simple tics tend to involve a single muscle group and are brief. Meanwhile, complex tics are coordinated patterns of movements or vocalizations that involve various muscle groups.
Simple motor tics:
Complex motor tics:
Simple vocal tics:
Complex vocal tics:
Risk factors for Tourette syndrome are unconfirmed. Researchers posit that an inherited genetic defect can cause the disorder. The specific genes directly related to Tourette are still unidentified.
However, family clusters have been determined and researchers suggest that genetics may be involved in some cases of the syndrome.
Tourette syndrome may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent Tourette syndrome or address its signs:
There is no cure for Tourette syndrome and most children with tics don’t require treatment for their tics.
Some patients may require treatment to help control their tics.
Treatment for the disorder may include behavioral therapy and medication.
Patients with Tourette syndrome may undergo behavioral therapy with a psychologist or a specially trained therapist.
Two types of behavioral therapy can help minimize the occurrence of tics:
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder. Patients with the disorder may experience “repeated, involuntary physical movements and vocal outbursts.”
Individuals with the disorder then to have both a motor tic and a vocal tic, which are both classified into simple or complex tics.
Tourette syndrome may cause complications like behavioral problems and bullying.
There is no cure for Tourette syndrome and most children with tics don’t require treatment for their tics. Some patients may require treatment to help control their tics. Treatment for the disorder may include behavioral therapy and medication.
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