Thursday, June 21, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. The condition typically occurs in about 10 percent of individuals who have strep throat, or streptococcal pharyngitis. Patients with streptococcal skin infections or wound infections can also develop the infectious disease.
Scarlet fever is identified by a rash that looks like a sunburn with a sandpaper-like texture and fever. The group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) bacteria that causes scarlet fever produces a toxin that is responsible for the rash associated with the disease. At least 80 percent of children aged 10 develop lifelong antibodies that can protect them against the Streptococcus exotoxin.
The incubation period for scarlet fever may range from at least 12 hours to seven days. Patients are contagious during this time and during the acute illness. While the primary strep infection is contagious, the rash itself is not.
Scarlet fever is also known as scarlatina.
Aside from a skin rash, the signs of scarlet fever usually include:
Risk factors for scarlet fever may include:
While rare, scarlet fever may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent scarlet fever or address its side effects:
Treatment for scarlet fever includes medications that can help address the pain associated with a sore throat.
Other remedies include eating ice popsicles or warm soup. Patients with scarlet fever can also gargle with salt water or use a cool air humidifier to soothe a sore throat. Individuals with the condition must also drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration.
Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is identified by a rash that looks like a sunburn with a sandpaper-like texture and fever.
Aside from a skin rash, the side effects of scarlet fever usually include chills, fever, a flushed face, and headaches.
While rare, scarlet fever may cause complications like abscesses, arthritis, and kidney disease.
Treatment for scarlet fever includes medications that can help address the pain associated with a sore throat. Other remedies include eating ice popsicles or warm soup.
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