Wednesday, June 20, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Rumination syndrome is a rare and chronic disorder that can affect infants, children, and adults. Individuals with the condition will regurgitate food after it is consumed.
The regurgitation typically happens when food that has recently been eaten rises into the esophagus, throat, and mouth. However, the food isn’t involuntarily expelled from the mouth, like when a person vomits.
The exact cause of rumination syndrome remains unknown and further research can help experts understand this disorder better. While experts believe that the regurgitation itself is unintentional, the action required to regurgitate may be learned. A person with rumination syndrome may not have figured out how to relax their abdominal muscles.
An individual will regurgitate when the diaphragm muscles are contracted.
The symptoms of rumination syndrome are different from those associated with acid reflux and GERD:
Rumination syndrome is also called rumination disorder.
The main side effect of rumination syndrome is the repeated regurgitation of undigested food. A patient will often regurgitate food at least 30 minutes to two hours after eating. Individuals with the disorder regurgitate every day after almost every meal.
Other side effects of regurgitation syndrome can include:
The side effects and symptoms of rumination syndrome are the same among both children and adults. However, while adults may have a tendency to spit out regurgitated food, children may simply re-chew and re-swallow the food.
Risk factors for rumination syndrome may include:
Rumination syndrome may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent rumination syndrome or address its side effects, such as malnutrition and weight loss:
Treatment for rumination syndrome aims to change the learned behavior that triggers regurgitation. Healthcare professionals may use different approaches to do this. The methods used will be personalized based on the patient’s age and abilities.
There is currently no medication that can treat rumination syndrome.
The most effective treatment for rumination syndrome is diaphragmatic breathing training. This method will teach a patient how to breathe deeply and relax the diaphragm. When the diaphragm is relaxed, a person is unable to regurgitate.
Diaphragmatic breathing techniques can be applied during and after meals. In time, rumination syndrome will resolve itself.
Other treatments for rumination syndrome may include:
Rumination syndrome is a rare and chronic disorder. Individuals with the condition will regurgitate food after eating.
The main symptom of rumination syndrome is the repeated regurgitation of undigested food.
Rumination syndrome may lead to electrolyte imbalance, malnutrition, and weight loss.
Treatment for the disorder aims to change the learned behavior that triggers regurgitation. There is currently no medication that can treat rumination syndrome.
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