Saturday, June 30, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Rhinosporidiosis refers to a chronic granulomatous infection of the mucous membranes. The disease often manifests as vascular friable polyps (soft, painless, non-cancerous growths) that develop in the nasal mucosa (the tissue that lines the nasal cavity) or the external structures of the eye.
Rhinosporidiosis was first described by Guillermo Seeber in 1900 in an individual from Argentina. The infectious disease is native to Africa, India, South America, and Sri Lanka.
The condition is caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi (R. seeberi), an aquatic protistan parasite. The polyps caused by the infection often spread near the patient’s nose, eye, skin, ear, genitals, and rectum.
Cases of rhinosporidiosis have been reported in Southeast Asia, the U.S., and other areas around the globe. However, most cases of rhinosporidiosis occur in persons from or residing in the Indian subcontinent or Sri Lanka.
Aside from humans, rhinosporidiosis can infect cats, cattle, dogs, ducks, goats, horses, mules, parrots, and swan.
The signs of rhinosporidiosis usually include:
Risk factors for rhinosporidiosis include bathing or working in infected bodies of stagnant water.
Rhinosporidiosis may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent rhinosporidiosis or address its side effects:
There is no effective cure for rhinosporidiosis. Treatment for the disease aims to eliminate the polyps that grow in various areas on the patient’s body.
Treatment options include surgery to remove the polyps. However, the growths can still recur post-surgery.
Rhinosporidiosis refers to a chronic granulomatous infection of the mucous membranes. The disease often manifests as vascular friable polyps that develop in the nasal mucosa or the external structures of the eye.
The symptoms of rhinosporidiosis usually include bleeding from the nose, bleeding nose polyps, a cough, excessive eye tearing, and eye redness.
Rhinosporidiosis may cause complications like epistaxis/nosebleed, nasal polyps, and rhinorrhoea.
Treatment options includes surgery to remove polyps. However, the growths can still recur post-surgery.
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