Thursday, June 14, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Rabies, an RNA virus of the rhabdovirus family, is a viral infection that usually spreads through the bite or scratch of an infected animal.
Rabies is passed on through saliva, and an individual can develop the disease if saliva from an infected animal enters an open wound or via a mucous membrane, like the eyes or mouth. The virus can’t pass through unbroken skin.
More than 95 percent of rabies infections are caused by dogs. In the U.S., bats, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, and skunks often spread the virus. Most mammals can carry and spread rabies. But smaller mammals, like rodents, rarely become infected or transmit rabies. Rabbits are unlikely to spread the virus.
There are two types of rabies:
Rabies is also known as canine rabies, hydrophobia lyssa, and rabies virus infection.
A patient may experience the side effects of rabies at least within the first week of the infection. The early side effects of rabies are very common, and they include fever, headaches, and weakness.
The side effects of furious rabies usually include:
Meanwhile, the muscles of a patient with paralytic rabies slowly become paralyzed. Paralysis often begins at the site of the bite. This is the less common form of rabies and it ends in coma and death.
If the clinical signs of rabies occur, the disease is almost always fatal.
Risk factors for rabies may include:
Rabies may cause the following complications:
After the onset of rabies’ side effects, death because of the infection is almost always certain.
The following foods, natural treatments, or nutrients can help prevent rabies and treat minor dog bites:
If an individual is bitten by a rabid animal, the bite, scratch, or open wound must immediately be washed for at least 15 minutes with detergent, povidone iodine, or soapy water to minimize the number of viral particles.
Seek medical help immediately after the bite/scratch is cleaned. Once a patient has been exposed to the virus and before rabies symptoms begin, a series of shots can help the body fight off the virus. The shots are usually effective.
Treatment methods for the disease may include a dose of fast-acting rabies immune globulin. It must be delivered close to the bite wound to effectively prevent infection.
Only a handful of patients have survived rabies. Most rabies cases are fatal once the symptoms develop because there is no effective treatment at this stage.
Individuals with symptoms must be made as comfortable as possible. They may require breathing assistance.
An RNA virus of the rhabdovirus family, rabies is a viral infection that usually spreads through the bite or scratch of an infected animal.
The early side effects of rabies are very common, and they include fever, headaches, and weakness.
Rabies may cause complications like acute renal failure, cardiac dysrhythmia, and cerebral edema.
Cumin seeds, garlic, goldenseal, manuka honey, neem, and plantain leaves can help prevent rabies and treat minor dog bites.
The bite, scratch, or open wound must immediately be washed for at least 15 minutes with detergent, povidone iodine, or soapy water to minimize the number of viral particles. Seek medical help immediately after the bite/scratch is cleaned.
Tagged Under: Tags: rabies