Wednesday, June 27, 2018 by Janine Acero
Pemphigus refers to a group of chronic, relapsing autoimmune diseases that cause blisters and lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. It commonly affects middle-aged to older adults.
All forms of pemphigus cause painful blisters and lesions on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Some types of pemphigus include:
Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body. In pemphigus, antibodies attack the healthy skin and mucous membranes. These antibodies act against the proteins in the skin, called desmogleins, which play a role in skin cell adhesion. When desmogleins are attacked, the skin cells get separated from each other, which causes fluid buildup between the skin layers. This leads to the formation of blisters.
The hallmark symptom of pemphigus is the appearance of blisters on the skin, as well as on the mucous membrane. These usually appear on the face and scalp and spread to the mouth, nose, throat, anus, and the genitals.
People of Jewish, Indian, and Mediterranean origins have a higher risk of the condition. Adolescent girls are more often at risk than adolescent boys.
Pemphigus could lead to complications such as loss of most of the epidermis if left untreated. Before the introduction of effective therapy, most patients with pemphigus died within two years.
Other complications associated with pemphigus include:
While there are no specific foods or nutrients that can help prevent pemphigus, certain food items should be avoided, such as:
Treatment options for pemphigus include:
If you want a more natural approach, there are some home remedies such as honey, oatmeal, tomato pulp and aloe vera, that may help treat any skin problem.
Pemphigus is a general term for a group of autoimmune diseases that cause blisters and lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. It commonly affects middle-aged to older adults.
All forms of pemphigus cause painful blisters and lesions on the epidermis and mucous membranes. The most common type is pemphigus vulgaris.
Pemphigus commonly affects the mouth, nose, throat, anus, and the genitals, and may be life-threatening if left untreated.
Tagged Under: Tags: Pemiphigus