Wednesday, June 27, 2018 by Janine Acero
The ductus arteriosus is a fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery to the descending aorta. In patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), the opening of the ductus (lumen) doesn’t close after birth as it should.
If the hole remains open, blood flow will skip the lungs, and the baby’s blood will not receive any oxygen.
PDA may close on its own, but if it doesn’t, it may need surgical intervention.
A large PDA found during infancy or childhood may also cause:
It is particularly common in preterm babies with respiratory distress syndrome. PDA is more common in girls than boys.
Other risk factors include:
Most cases of PDA are diagnosed and treated soon after birth – the condition rarely goes undetected into adulthood. If it does, however, it can cause several health problems. Untreated adult PDA can lead to complications, including:
In very serious cases of untreated adult PDA, extra blood flow can increase the size of the heart. This could weaken the heart and its ability to pump blood, which can lead to congestive heart failure and death.
PDA is a congenital heart condition; therefore, no food items or nutrients that may help prevent PDA. However, the following foods and nutrients can support heart health:
Treatments for PDA depend on the age of the patient. In premature babies with PDA, the hole often closes on its own. For full-term babies, children, and adults with small PDAs that aren’t immediate causes of concern, monitoring may be all that’s needed.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen may be used to help close a PDA. Take note that NSAIDs have been associated with adverse side effects.
If medications aren’t effective, surgical intervention may be needed to close the PDA.
There are also homeopathic treatments available for PDA.
The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that connects the pulmonary artery to the aorta. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) refers to the opening of the ductus which remains open after birth when it’s supposed to close.
PDA often doesn’t show any symptoms and may only need consistent monitoring. It rarely goes undetected until adulthood, but in such cases, it can lead to serious complications like heart failure.
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