Saturday, May 26, 2018 by Rhonda Johansson
This relatively uncommon type of cancer occurs when there is a proliferation of malignant cells in one or both of the ovaries. These are the reproductive glands found in women. The ovaries are responsible for producing the eggs necessary for reproduction and are also the main source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. There is one ovary on each side of the uterus.
The ovaries comprise three different types of cells. Each cell can develop into a different type of tumor:
Most cases of ovarian cancer are asymptomatic, until they reach their advanced stages. Even then, symptoms are vague and nonspecific. Unfortunately, there are currently no good screening tests for ovarian cancer. Medical professionals discourage women from getting blood tests as they are mostly inaccurate and may lead to unnecessary surgeries.
That said, women should consult with their gynecologist if they experience a vague and general malaise with symptoms such as: Fatigue, getting full quickly, swelling in the abdomen, leg swelling, bowel movement changes, and shortness of breath.
Women who have a family history of ovarian cancer are more at risk of developing it as they reach reproductive age. Other risk factors include: Age (the older the woman is, the higher her risk); early menarche (having one’s first menstruation younger than 12); birth control use; obesity; and never getting pregnant (nulliparity).
The stages of ovarian cancer are as follows:
Stage 1 – Limited to one or both ovaries
Stage 2 – Limited to the pelvic region
Stage 3 – Cancer has spread outside of the pelvis but is limited to the abdomen
Stage 4 – The disease has spread to the liver or outside of the abdomen
As mentioned earlier, this cancer is insidious in its manifestation. Many women may already have the cancer in its early stages but not recognize it. Furthermore, the symptoms of ovarian cancer can be confused with other conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, temporary bladder problem, or even an ectopic pregnancy.
Women who experience persistent or the gradual worsening of symptoms, however, are encouraged to see their gynecologist.
Some symptoms to watch out for include:
The cancer affects a woman’s reproductive system.
There is evidence that suggest that these nutrients may be helpful in preventing ovarian cancer:
Additionally, women are advised to eat plenty of dark green vegetables and other brightly colored foods.
Ovarian cancer is usually treated with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Some oncologists may also prescribe hormone treatment.
Those who choose a more natural path can try these:
Ovarian cancer is the fifth common cause of cancer in women.
Risk factors for developing ovarian cancer include family history, older age, reproductive history, and obesity.
There are no good screening options for ovarian cancer.
Tagged Under: Tags: Ovarian Cancer