Saturday, May 26, 2018 by Janine Acero
A myxoid chondrosarcoma refers to an infrequent, low-grade tumor found in both bone and soft tissues of the extremities, with the thigh being most common, followed by the knee, buttocks, and trunk. It typically affects men between 40 to 60 years old.
Most of these tumors form deep within the body tissues, though a few have been found beneath the skin surface.
Myxoid chondrosarcoma tumors can grow to large sizes and compress other tissues and organs, causing a restricted range of motion and sensation of pain, among other symptoms.
Myxoid chondrosarcomas don’t show symptoms in the initial growing phase. The thigh, knee, buttock, and upper extremities account for up to 80 percent of all occurrences, followed by the torso, chest, breast, and abdominal cavity.
The soft tissue tumors grow at a moderate rate, and then suddenly start rapidly progressing in size. The large size of the tumor may compress or restrict the adjoining organs, nerves, and muscles, which may cause a restricted range of motion. This symptom, along with pain and tenderness, is the first indication of the tumor.
Complications can arise depending on the site and severity of myxoid chondrosarcoma. These may include:
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Treatment measures for myxoid chondrosarcoma include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical removal of the lesion. If the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes, a surgery may be needed prior to chemotherapy.
Vascular embolization of the tumor, by blocking the blood vessels feeding the tumor, is used to provide temporary relief from the symptoms and reduce blood loss, during a surgical procedure. Non-invasive procedures may be adopted if the tumor is at an inaccessible location, or is unsafe for surgical intervention.
A myxoid chondrosarcoma is an infrequent, low-grade tumor found in bone and soft tissues, with the thigh being most common, followed by the knee, buttocks, and trunk. It typically affects men between 40 to 60 years old.
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