Tuesday, May 22, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Myocarditis is a disease that is characterized by the inflammation of the heart muscle. This is an uncommon disease and is caused by an infection that reaches the heart.
When a patient is infected, their immune system produces special cells to fight off disease. If the infection affects the heart, the disease-fighting cells enter the heart. But the chemicals produced by these cells may damage the heart muscle. Because of this damage, the heart can become thick, swollen, and weak.
Myocarditis can be caused by a virus that reaches the heart such as adenovirus, coxsackievirus, cytomegalovirus, influenza (flu) virus, parvovirus, and others.
The disease can also be caused by bacterial infections like chlamydia, Lyme disease, mycoplasma, and streptococcus.
Other causes of myocarditis may include:
Sometimes the cause of myocarditis remains unknown.
The disease is called pediatric myocarditis when it occurs in young patients.
Myocarditis is a dangerous disease because it affects anyone regardless of age. Sometimes, individuals do not experience any side effects.
If a patient does experience the side effects of myocarditis, most of them are similar to those associated with the flu, like:
Most cases of myocarditis get resolved on their own, and sometimes, cases that take a while to resolve aren’t linked to any side effects. However, these cases could involve damage to the heart muscle and heart failure symptoms may gradually appear.
Sometimes, it is easier to diagnose myocarditis due to side effects like chest pain, heart failure, heart palpitations, and shortness of breath.
Risk factors for myocarditis may include:
Myocarditis may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent myocarditis and reduce inflammation:
Treatment for myocarditis aims to resolve the cause of the problem, and it may include:
Myocarditis is a disease that is characterized by the inflammation of the heart muscle. This is an uncommon disease and it is often caused by an infection that reaches the heart.
If a patient does experience the side effects of myocarditis, most of them are similar to those associated with the flu-like chest pains, fatigue, and fever.
Myocarditis may cause complications like severe damage to the heart and sudden death.
Fatty fish, fruits, green leafy vegetables, nuts, olive oil, and tomatoes can help prevent myocarditis and reduce inflammation.
Treatment for myocarditis aims to resolve the cause of the problem, and it may include antibiotics, anticoagulants/blood thinners, diuretics, a heart transplant, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), medications, a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), or steroids.
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