Mononucleosis – causes, side effects and treatments at NaturalPedia.com

Thursday, May 17, 2018 by

Also known as mono, mononucleosis is an infection that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The virus spreads through saliva, which is why this infection is sometimes referred to as “kissing disease.” This disease most commonly occurs in teens and young adults, although it can affect anyone at any age. Mononucleosis is also known as glandular fever.

Known side effects of mononucleosis

The side effects of mononucleosis typically appear four to six weeks after you get infected with EBV. They may develop slowly and may not all be present at the same time. Its side effects include extreme fatigue, fever, sore throat, head and body aches, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits, swollen liver or spleen or both, and rashes. Although less common, enlarged spleen and a swollen liver may also occur. These symptoms usually go away after two to four weeks. However, some people may feel fatigued for a few more weeks. Occasionally, the side effects of mononucleosis can last for six months or more. Other complications that may occur due to mononucleosis include anemia, thrombocytopenia, inflammation of the heart, complications that involve the nervous system, such as meningitis, and swollen tonsils that can affect breathing.

Body systems harmed by mononucleosis

The body systems harmed by mononucleosis include the immune, nervous, digestive, and respiratory systems.

List of foods or nutrients that prevent mononucleosis

There is no information on what foods prevent mononucleosis. However, foods rich in antioxidants, vitamins C and E, zinc, healthy fats, lean protein, and whole grains are recommended for people with mononucleosis.

Treatments, management plans for mononucleosis

There is no cure for mononucleosis, although there are treatments available to manage its symptoms. These include the following:

  • Rest – Having a complete rest will help recovery, especially during the first month after symptoms appear.
  • Drinking fluids – This will help prevent dehydration. Although a sore throat can make it difficult to swallow, it is important to drink enough liquid.
  • Painkillers – They may help in managing fever and pain.
  • Gargling – Gargling with salt water may help relieve a sore throat.
  • Steroids – These may be prescribed but are not normally recommended.

Where to learn more

Summary

Mononucleosis is an infection that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

Mononucleosis causes extreme fatigue, fever, sore throat, head and body aches, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits, swollen liver or spleen or both, and rashes.

Mononucleosis can also cause an enlarged spleen and a swollen liver.

Mononucleosis can be treated with rest, staying hydrated, painkillers, gargling, and steroids.

Sources include:

MedlinePlus.gov

CDC.gov

Healthline.com 1

LiveStrong.com

MedicalNewsToday.com



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