Tuesday, May 08, 2018 by Janine Acero
A macular hole is a tear or discontinuity in the central portion of the retina called the macula, which is responsible for sharp central vision. The size of the hole and its location on the retina determine how much it affects eyesight. Generally, people notice a slight distortion or reduction in their vision.
A macular hole results in the loss of central vision and detailed fine vision.
It may be caused by trauma, degeneration, old age, preretinal macular fibrosis or pathological myopia. It appears as a round or oval, well defined, reddish spot at the macula.
A macular hole often occurs in one eye; it is very rare for someone to have macular holes in both eyes.
Other names for macular hole are macular cyst, retinal hole, retinal tear, or retinal perforation.
Macular holes often begin gradually, causing a slight distortion or blurriness in the central vision.
The symptoms of a macular hole include:
These symptoms will affect only the eye with the macular hole. A macular hole in the second eye is very rare.
Macular holes can also occur in other eye disorders, such as high myopia (nearsightedness), injury to the eye, retinal detachment, and (rarely) macular pucker.
Proper nutrition is critical for overall health, which includes your eyes. Here are the best food items and nutrients for eye health.
A surgical procedure called vitrectomy is often used to close macular holes. Following surgery, patients must usually keep their faces down for two or three weeks. This position allows the hole to seal up.
Vitrectomy is about 90 percent effective in closing the hole, although improvement in people’s vision is more variable. More than half of those who have the surgery can expect an improvement of two lines or more on the vision chart.
A macular hole is a tear in the central portion of the retina called the macula, resulting in the loss of central vision and detailed fine vision.
A macular hole may be caused by trauma, degeneration, old age, and other types of damage to the eyes.
A macular hole often occurs in one eye and rarely occurs in both eyes.
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