Ischemic heart disease – causes, side effects and treatments at NaturalPedia.com

Friday, April 27, 2018 by

Ischemic heart disease is the term used to describe heart problems due to narrowed arteries. In this condition, the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This occurs due to the accumulation of cholesterol and plaque on the inner walls. When the arteries are narrowed, less blood and oxygen reach the heart muscle. Ischemic heart disease is believed to begin with injury or damage to the inner layer of a coronary artery that causes atherosclerosis. Ischemic heart disease is also known as coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease, and is also the most common type of heart disease.

The main factors that can increase the risk of developing ischemic heart disease include smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, being physically inactive, being overweight or obese, family history of heart disease, ethnic background, older age, and sex, in which men are more likely to develop the condition.

Known side effects of ischemic heart disease

The side effects of ischemic heart disease include chest pain or angina, shortness of breath or dyspnea, and heart attack with symptoms of chest discomfort and mild pain, coughing, dizziness, breath shortness, face looking gray, an overall feeling of being unwell, nausea and vomiting, restlessness, and perspiration and clammy skin. Ischemic heart disease may result in other complications, such as heart failure and irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia.

Body systems harmed by ischemic heart disease

The body systems harmed by ischemic heart disease include the cardiovascular system as well as the respiratory system.

List of foods or nutrients that prevent ischemic heart disease

The foods that can help prevent heart disease include the following:

  • Oily fish, such as mackerel, sardines, tuna, and salmon
  • Vegetable oils, such as corn, soy, and safflower
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Fiber, such as whole grain cereals
  • Unrefined carbohydrate sources with a low glycemic index, such as wholegrain breads and breakfast cereals and legumes
  • Legumes and soy
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Tea
  • Foods that contain vitamin E, such as avocados, dark green vegetables, vegetable oils, and wholegrain products
  • Garlic
  • Foods enriched with plant sterols, such as margarine spreads, reduced-fat yogurts, milk, and breakfast cereals

Treatments, management plans for ischemic heart disease

Although there is no cure for ischemic heart disease, there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms and lower the chances of its complications like heart attacks. Treatment options can include lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, smoking cessation, medication, angioplasty, which uses balloons and stents to treat narrow heart arteries, and surgery.

Where to learn more

Summary

Ischemic heart disease, the most common type of heart disease, occurs when the arteries are narrowed and hardened due to cholesterol and plaque buildup.

Ischemic heart disease causes chest pain or angina, shortness of breath or dyspnea, and heart attack.

Ischemic heart disease can also lead to complications, such as heart failure and irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia.

Ischemic heart disease can be prevented by eating foods, such as oily fish, vegetable oils, fruits and vegetables, fiber, legumes, soy, nuts, seeds, tea, vitamin E-rich foods, garlic, and foods with plant sterols.

Ischemic heart disease can be treated through lifestyle changes, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.

Sources include:

Heart.org

MedlinePlus.gov

BHF.org.uk

BetterHealth.VIC.gov.au

MedicalNewsToday.com

NCBI.NLM.NIH.gov

NHS.uk



Comments

comments powered by Disqus