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Human bocavirus infection – causes, side effects and treatments at

Thursday, May 31, 2018 by

Bocavirus are members of the Parvoviridae virus family that usually affect acutely ill infants and children. Bocavirus is a recently discovered viral genus found in upper respiratory secretions from children hospitalized with pneumonia or diarrhea-like symptoms.

There is no vaccine available for bocavirus, nor diagnostic tests or medical treatments.

Known symptoms, risk factors for human bocavirus infection

Bocavirus is commonly only found in infants and children (sometimes in young adults) with respiratory infections or diarrhea. The following are the signs and symptoms associated with bocavirus:

  • ARTI (acute respiratory tract infections)
  • Cough
  • Cyanosis (bluish or grayish tint to skin due to lack of oxygen)
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Vomiting
  • Wheezing

The infants and children with these symptoms are often already ill and hospitalized. The immune systems of infants, young children and older adults tend to be weaker and more susceptible to viruses. Children are especially more prone due to their constant contact with other kids. They often rub their eyes and put their fingers in their mouths without washing their hands, which can easily spread any virus or bacteria.

Essentially, anyone with a weakened immune system is at risk. People with heart disease or other lung problems are more likely to contract an acute respiratory infection. Smoking puts a person at high risk; plus, smokers have more trouble recovering.

Body systems harmed by human bocavirus infection

Bocavirus infections most often affect children with pneumonia, a respiratory condition. Untreated infections could lead to lung disease. Lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs and breathing, such as asthma, the flu, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other respiratory problems. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure.

Food items or nutrients that may prevent human bocavirus infection

Vitamins A, C, and E, as well as folate and zinc, all support respiratory health.

Plant-based foods that support lung health include:

  • Apples
  • Blueberries
  • Broccoli
  • Cantaloupe
  • Collard greens
  • Flaxseeds
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Kale
  • Pumpkin

Avoid foods that weaken the immune system, such as refined and processed products, dairy and high-fat products, added sugar and sugary foods, and alcohol.

Treatments, management plans for human bocavirus infection

Here are some ways to cleanse and detox your lungs.

  • Deep breathing — Deep breathing can help improve lung capacity and strengthen your lungs, as well as clear the airways and cleanse them.
  • Oregano — Oregano contains compounds like carvacrol and terpenes that have lung-cleansing action. The herb can help reduce inflammation and congestion in the lungs, and improve nasal passage airflow and overall health of your respiratory tract.
  • Licorice — The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of licorice help reduce inflammation of the bronchial tubes. It also has antibacterial and antiviral activity that help prevent and treat mild lung infections and irritation.
  • Ginger — Ginger contains compounds that help clear out air pollutants from the air passages before they irritate the lungs. Studies have explored the promising chemo-preventive effects of ginger extracts against lung cancer.
  • Peppermint — Peppermint and its essential oil contain menthol that helps relax the smooth muscles of the respiratory tract. This promotes effortless breathing and helps clear symptoms of any upper respiratory congestion.

Incorporate lifestyle habits that strengthen the immune system:

  • Stop smoking
  • Stress management
  • Daily relaxation
  • Healthy exercise programme
  • Healthy eating plan
  • Wash hands appropriately

Where to learn more


The human bocavirus infection is caused by Bocavirus, a member of the Parvoviridae virus family that usually affect acutely ill infants and children.

Bocavirus is found in upper respiratory secretions from children hospitalized with pneumonia or diarrhea.

There is no vaccine available for bocavirus.

Sources include:


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