Thursday, April 19, 2018 by Janine Acero
A hiatal hernia is a condition wherein the upper part of the stomach pushes through an opening in the diaphragm and into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is the thin muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. The opening in the diaphragm is where the esophagus and stomach join. Your diaphragm helps keep acid from coming up into your esophagus.
There are two types of hiatal hernias:
The risk of developing hiatal hernia increases with age, usually in people older than 50, as well as people who are obese and have smoking habits.
Another risk factor is repeated pressure on the muscles around your stomach. This can happen when straining your bowel movements and lifting heavy objects.
Symptoms tend to get worse after meals, and may be made worse when lying flat on your back.
In some cases of hiatal hernia, blood flow is blocked to your stomach, causing great pain and serious illness. This is called a strangulated hiatal hernia, and it is considered a medical emergency. A strangulated hiatal hernia may cause you to vomit and feel nauseated. In addition, you can’t pass gas or empty your bowels, which can cause serious problems.
It’s recommended to avoid the following food items if you have GERD, as these may produce more acid in your stomach:
There are also certain beverages which should be avoided, namely:
In contrast, there are many good foods that won’t produce as much acid in your stomach. Try eating:
Fermented or cultured foods that are rich in probiotics may also reduce the symptoms as they help neutralize stomach acids. Popular fermented foods include:
Hiatal hernia and GERD in general can be treated and prevented with dietary and lifestyle changes. Eating meals in small portions, as well as quitting smoking and drinking alcohol, and losing weight are some ways to avoid hiatal hernia.
For stronger symptoms, you may need to consult with your healthcare provider if you might need a surgery.
Keyhole surgery is usually used for a hiatus hernia – this involves making small cuts in the abdomen.
After surgery it usually takes:
A hiatal hernia is caused by the upper part of the stomach pushing through an opening in the diaphragm and into the chest cavity. This makes stomach acids to come up the esophagus more often, causing a condition known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).
Hiatal hernia usually occurs in people older than 50. Other risk factors include obesity and smoking.
Avoid foods that help produce more acids in the stomach such as citrus fruits, fried food and spicy food, and carbonated drinks.
Tagged Under: Tags: Hiatal Hernia