Saturday, April 07, 2018 by Zoey Sky
An epiretinal membrane is a thin and transparent layer of fibrous tissue that forms a film on the retina’s inner surface.
Epiretinal membranes (ERMs) usually occur among individuals older than 50. About two percent of people older than 50 and 20 percent older than 75 have ERMs, but a majority of them don’t require treatment, per The American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS).
While about 20 percent of people with ERMS have them in both eyes, the symptoms and severity for each eye may differ.
Epiretinal membranes are considered severe when they affect the central part of the retina, which is responsible for seeing fine details like when we’re reading.
For the most severe cases of ERM, vision can become blurred and distorted. The person’s vision will be similar to a distorted view seen through an unadjusted pair of binoculars.
When a patient develops an ERM, straight lines like those from a doorway could appear wavy. Take note that ERM vision loss may start out as unnoticeable and become increasingly severe.
Symptoms of an ERM may include:
An individual’s risk of developing an ERM gets higher as they age. Patients with an existing eye or vision condition may develop an ERM before they tun 50.
Risk factors for an ERM may include:
An epiretinal membrane may cause the following complications:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent an epiretinal membrane:
Aside from surgery, there are no other effective treatments for epiretinal membranes. At least 15 percent of ERMs require surgery.
While surgical intervention is often successful, vision improvement for 25 to 50 percent is at about 20/40.
The 20/40 measurement defines clarity, sharpness, and visual accuracy. A 20/40-vision measurement means an individual can see at least 20 feet (ft), compared to a person with normal vision who can see up to 40 ft.
An epiretinal membrane is a thin, transparent layer of fibrous tissue that forms a film on the retina’s inner surface.
ERM may be characterized by decreased vision or loss of central vision, distorted or blurred vision, double vision, problems reading small print, and wavy vision.
ERM may cause complications like decreased and/or distorted vision, early cataract, macular hole, macular pseudohole, and surgical complications.
At least 15 percent of ERMs require surgery. While surgical intervention is often successful, vision improvement for 25 to 50 percent is at about 20/40.
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