Friday, February 02, 2018 by Frances Bloomfield
Cardiomyopathy refers to a progressive disease of the heart muscle or myocardium. According to EMedicineHealth.com, cardiomyopathy usually results in the myocardium weakening to a point where it’s no longer able to adequately pump blood to the rest of the body. As the heart grows weaker, it becomes more susceptible to other complications like heart valve problems or heart failure.
There are several types of cardiomyopathy, and these are:
People with cardiomyopathy either inherit it or acquire this disease. Similar to many other heart conditions, cardiomyopathy affects people of all ages and races. However, there are numerous risk factors that greatly increase one’s chances of developing it, such as:
Most people will feel no symptoms during the earlier stages of cardiomyopathy. Many only discover that they have this disease after undergoing a chest x-ray. When the symptoms of cardiomyopathy do manifest, they tend to be similar across all types. These include:
In general, cardiomyopathy affects the heart. Several parts or one part of the heart can be harmed, depending on the form of cardiomyopathy. For instance, ARVD primarily impacts the right ventricle, while HCM damages the ventricles and heart chambers.
Adhering to a heart-healthy diet is one of the best ways to minimize the risk of cardiomyopathy. This kind of diet will call for the increased consumption of:
In addition, a heart-healthy diet will also require certain foods and beverages to be eaten in minimal amounts or cut out completely, namely:
Treating cardiomyopathy largely depends on its severity and the symptoms. For example, a person may be prescribed beta blockers or ACE inhibitors to lower their blood pressure, or given blood thinners to prevent the formation of blood clots. Surgery may be required in some cases, specifically septal myectomy (usually for obstructive HCM) and surgery for the implantation of heart devices like pacemakers or cardiac resynchronization therapy devices. Heart transplants are saved as the last resort.
Another aspect of caring for people with cardiomyopathy is helping them manage the symptoms. This is usually done through lifestyle changes. On top of sticking to a heart-healthy diet, one should increase their physical activity and reduce stress as well. Getting enough sleep and rest, quitting smoking, and avoiding illegal drugs can all improve a person’s heart health by a considerable margin.
Cardiomyopathy is a heart disease that affects the heart. Although are numerous types of cardiomyopathy, the symptoms are more or less the same across the board. These symptoms fatigue, high blood pressure, dizziness, and chest pain. Often times these symptoms won’t manifest until the disease has worsened.
Any person can be affected by cardiomyopathy, which is either inherited or acquired. Treating this disease usually means prescribing various types of medication or undergoing surgery. Cardiomyopathy can’t be fully prevented, but it can be managed through significant lifestyle changes like eating more heart-healthy foods, exercising more frequently, limiting alcohol consumption, and reducing stress.
Tagged Under: Tags: cardiomyopathy