Thursday, December 14, 2017 by Janine Acero
Bromacil is an odorless, white crystalline solid. It is a herbicide used for brush control on non-cropland areas such as roads, rights-of-way, railways and pavements. It is especially useful against annual and perennial grasses, like barnyard grass (Echinochloa), crabgrass (Digitaria), henbit, Lamb’s quarters; Purslane, annual sedge, Bermuda grass and nutsedge (Cyperus).
Bromacil is also used for selective weed control in pineapple and citrus crops. It works by interfering with photosynthesis.
Bromacil is available in granular, liquid, water soluble liquid, and wettable powder formulations. It is sprayed or spread dry on the soil surface just before or during a period of active weed growth. Bromacil is soluble in water, and is moderately to highly persistent in soil.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified bromacil as a General Use Pesticide (GUP). In addition, it is in toxicity class IV in dry form (practically nontoxic) and class II in liquid form (moderately toxic).
Exposure to the fumes, vapors and mists of bromacil through inhalation and ingestion routes may cause adverse side effects, such as:
In addition, it has been suggested that bromacil may negatively affect the embryo or fetus, as shown in some animal studies.
Bromacil poisoning may affect the eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, thyroid, mucous membrane, adrenal glands, lymph nodes, testes and the heart, in severe cases. Moreover, it is a confirmed animal carcinogen; the EPA categorized it as Group C: Possible Human Carcinogen.
Dry formulations containing bromacil bear the Signal Word CAUTION, while liquid formulations bear the Signal Word WARNING. Bromacil may be found as the active ingredient in the following products:
Some trade names and identifiers for bromacil include Borea, Bromax 4G, Bromax 4L, Borocil, Cynogan, Hyvar X, Hyvar XL, Isocil, Krovar, Rout, Uragan, Urox B, and Urox HX.
Manufacturers that supply such products include:
Handlers, mixers and applicators of bromacil may be exposed to its fumes in the workplace. The following are some protective measures to avoid any contact with bromacil:
Bromacil is a herbicide that is used against annual and perennial weeds. It works by inhibiting photosynthesis.
Bromacil poisoning may affect the eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, thyroid, mucous membrane, adrenal glands, lymph nodes, testes and the heart. The EPA has classified bromacil as a possible human carcinogen.
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