Wednesday, January 10, 2018 by Frances Bloomfield
Autoimmune diseases are illnesses wherein healthy body tissues and cells are mistakenly attacked by the body’s immune system. While normally designed to seek and destroy infectious agents, the immune system of a patient with an autoimmune disease is unable to tell the difference between normal cells and foreign pathogens. This then results in the destruction of healthy body tissue which can then cause abnormal organ growth or changes in organ function.
Currently, there is no known cause for autoimmune disease. A number of experts believe that the answer may lie in certain drugs or microorganisms confusing the immune system. In addition, various risk factors are known to increase the likelihood of developing an autoimmune disease. According to HopkinsMedicine.org, these include being overweight, having a predilection to smoking, or having relatives who already have autoimmune disease. Moreover, some people more predisposed to getting an autoimmune disease. For instance, women, particularly women of child-bearing age, are at higher risk than men.
There are over 80 autoimmune diseases, with some of the most common ones being:
Those who have an autoimmune disease will usually display any of the following symptoms:
Many autoimmune disease will oftentimes have unique symptoms, however. Psoriasis, for example, is characterized by thick and scaly skin patches, while inflammatory bowel disease is marked by diarrhea and bloating.
The organs and organ systems that are typically affected by autoimmune diseases are:
Instead of curing autoimmune disease, treatment usually involves reducing the symptoms and controlling the immune system’s responses, all while stile maintaining the body’s disease-fighting capabilities. Depending on the type of autoimmune disease, treatment can entail:
Other steps can be taken to minimize the effects of autoimmune disease, like:
People with autoimmune disease have overacting immune systems unable that harm healthy cells and tissues. There are more than 80 kinds of autoimmune disease which affect numerous parts of the human body, such as the muscles, skin, red blood cells, and connective tissues. An autoimmune disease can cause a person to experience a wide range of symptoms like fatigue, hair loss, numbness in their hands and feet, and skin rashes. Treatment of autoimmune disease calls for managing the symptoms and controlling the immune system, which can be accomplished through medical assistance as well as changes to one’s diet and maintenance of stress levels.
Tagged Under: Tags: autoimmune diseases