Wednesday, March 14, 2018 by Ralph Flores
Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is an inflammatory disease marked by recurring bouts of itchy skin. The condition usually starts in early infancy, but it can also appear in adults.
It is usually linked to increased levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), an antibody produced by the immune system that causes an allergic reaction – hence the name “atopic.” It is also linked to other allergic disorders: Up to 60 percent of people with atopic dermatitis get asthma or hay fever (allergic rhinitis) later in life, and at least 30 percent develop food allergies. This is usually referred to as the “atopic march,” wherein these disorders develop in progression – atopic dermatitis appears first, followed by food allergies, then hay fever, and finally, asthma. Still, not all individuals who have atopic dermatitis undergo the atopic march, and not all individuals with an allergic disease will develop the rest.
While atopic dermatitis is the most common form of dermatitis, its etiology is unknown. Experts believe that is could be hereditary, or environmental factors could trigger it. Stress, while it can aggravate the condition, is not a direct cause of the disease.
A person with atopic dermatitis is also more likely to develop other inflammation-related conditions. These include inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and alopecia areata – hair loss caused by a defective immune reaction. In some cases, the condition may also be a feature of more severe skin abnormalities, as well as immunodeficiency.
Atopic dermatitis is a common disorder, affecting up to 20 percent of children and 10 percent of adults.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition, that is, symptoms do not usually go away after days of weeks and can most likely happen again. It typically appears on the cheeks, arms, and legs, but it can occur anywhere in the body. The usual signs and symptoms of the condition include:
When the condition persists, it may lead to complications, which could include:
The condition primarily affects the skin.
Many people who have atopic dermatitis also have food allergies. To minimize the risk of outbreaks, avoid the following food items which are associated with the condition.
Moreover, as atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory disease, eating food that minimizes it is recommended.
Avoid eating foods that contain preservatives or processed sugars, since these increase the likelihood of inflammation in your body.
Treating atopic dermatitis is a long-term procedure. However, it always requires a reduction of exposure to possible trigger factors, the application of moisturizers, and topical steroid use. In some cases, medications like calcineurin inhibitors or immunosuppressive agents are given.
Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory disease marked by recurring bouts of itchy skin. While it is the most common form of dermatitis, its etiology is unknown. The condition is common, affecting up to 20 percent of children and 10 percent of adults.
Symptoms do not usually go away after days of weeks and can most likely happen again. It typically appears on the cheeks, arms, and legs, but it can occur anywhere in the body. Many people who have atopic dermatitis also have food allergies. To minimize the risk of outbreaks, avoid the food items which are associated with the condition.
Tagged Under: Tags: eczema